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Xarelto Bleeding Lawsuits

Xarelto is a new-generation blood thinner that was initially approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration in October 2011.  Xarelto is intended to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation, to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). The drug is also to reduce the risk of recurrence of DVT or PE, and for prophylaxis of DVT for patients undergoing hip and knee replacement surgery.

This drug has made Bayer and Johnson & Johnson a fortune.  It has also left them as the defendants in 21,400 Xarelto bleeding lawsuits from patients or surviving families allege they have suffered gastrointestinal and cerebral hemorrhages, hemorrhagic strokes and other types of bleeding issues that have caused injury or death.   Xarelto carries a significant risk of severe, and sometimes even fatal, internal bleeding – and there is no reversal agent available if serious bleeding occurs with Xarelto use.

Xarelto Lawsuit Allegations

Xarelto has sold like hotcakes because it is marketed to physicians and patients as a once-daily drug.  This  is a big deal.  There is no question that Xarelto is administratively easier than other blood thinners.  The dosing schedule is heralded by Bayer and J&J as superior to other blood thinners because of this ease of administration.

Generally, many plaintiffs’ lawsuits allege that Xarelto is the worst in its class of new anticoagulants with respect to bleeding risk and with respect to thromboembolic stroke prevention when compared to traditional blood thinners like warfarin. Plaintiffs also allege that the dose of Xarelto currently marketed for atrial fibrillation is too high to meet the touted “once


daily” benefit of the drug.  This causes high plasma concentrations of Xarelto in everyone and in a broad spectrum of patients.  This concern is more pronounced in older patients with poor renal function, exposing them to excessive bleeding risk.

But the big issue with Xarelto is that using the drug without appropriate blood monitoring, dose adjustment and twice a day dosing — the opposite of what the marketing suggests is safe —  can cause major, life-threatening bleeding events. Physicians using Xarelto have to walk much more tightrope than the drug manufacturers are suggesting.  They need to a table to balance the dose so that the blood is thinned enough to reduce the risk of stroke, but not so thin that they increase the risk of a major bleeding episode.

Plaintiffs’ lawyers’ main argument is that these companies were aware of this risk and the need for blood monitoring but have failed to disclose this critical life-saving information to patients, doctors, and the FDA.  No one — or very few people, anyway — are screaming for a Xarelto recall.  Instead, they are saying that Bayer and J&J should have shown doctors and patients everything they knew about the risk and didn’t.  These lawsuits argue the reason this was not done is that these companies put profits over the health of patients.

Xarelto’s significant risk of severe, and sometimes fatal, internal bleeding has no antidote to help clotting factors when a serious bleed occurs.  So Xarelto carries an increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding.   This means that the event of hemorrhagic complications, there is no available reversal agent.  When Xarelto first came out, it did not contain a warning regarding the lack of an antidote.  This information was buried in the overdose section.

Big Verdict Taken Away

After some losses in federal court, a Xarelto victim won a whopping $28 million jury verdict awarded last month in Pennsylvania against Bayer AG and Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals for failing to adequately warn about the risks of the drug.  Regrettably, the verdict overturned in 2018 on a narrow issue regarding the testimony of the prescribing doctor.

The Verdict and Settlement Value of Xarelto Claims

It is hard to imagine plaintiffs or these companies trying 21,000 Xarelto lawsuits, right?  So at some point, there should be a global settlement of these cases.  I don’t think anyone is seriously arguing this point.  The question is one of a price.  What are these cases worth?  Even with the verdict being snatched away, that verdict sends a message to these companies that some juries are not going to look favorably at these cases.  The reality is the juries are going to decide these cases both ways based on the jurisdiction and the unique facts of the individual cases.